In 1996, the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) launched an armed insurrection in order to establish a communist rule. In its 10 years armed revolt, more than 13,000 innocent people lost their valuable lives, hundreds of thousand people and families were internally displaced and billions of dollars worth infrastructures were damaged. As a leader of the nation, Koirala said that he "had two options: be a mute spectator of the bloodshed in the country or take initiatives to end the conflict and bring Maoists in democratic political mainstream (14th SAARC summit)." A firm believer in political pragmatism, Koirala initiated a dialogue with underground Maoists and skillfully engaged them through 12 point agreement heralding a new phase of greater democratic alliance in Nepal’s recent political history.
Taking into account Koirala’s uncompromising stand, the politically ambitious King was forced to restore the prematurely dissolved parliament in 2006. GP Koirala became a consensus Prime Minister of Nepal as he was supported by all political parties participating in the movement. GP Koirala led the Seven Party Alliance (SPA) government and held various rounds of dialogue with the Maoists. He showed his tactful acumen during his negotiations with Maoists. The negotiation resulted in an agreement between government and Maoists to invite the United Nations to help in Nepal's peace process. He was the moving spirit behind the conclusion of the historic Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) with the Maoists, which formalized the end of the decade-long armed conflict in society. As Prime Minister, GP Koirala successfully persuaded major political parties of the nation to induct Maoists in the Parliament in order to transform them to parliamentary politics. This encouraged the Maoists joining the interim government. After the Maoists decided to suddenly quit the government, Koirala motivated them to rejoin the coalition government. It was a landmark political development to mainstreaming Maoists through peaceful means generating a greater level of confidence among the people.
Peace Agreements :
- Monitoring of the arms: This document is about the agreement on Monitoring of the Management of Arms and Armies 8 December 2006.
- Peace agreement: This document is the Comprehensive Peace Agreement concluded between the Government of Nepal and the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) on November 21, 2006.
- Summit meeting: The Decisions of the Summit Meeting of the Seven-Party Alliance and the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) on November 8, 2006.
- 17-point TOR: This document is about the terms of reference and power of the National Monitoring Committee on Code of Conduct for Ceasefire on 26 June 2006.
- Agreement between Government and Maoists: This document is about the agreement reached between the Government of Nepal and the CPN (Maoists) at Kupodole on 15 June 2006.
- The Code of conduct: This document is about the Code of Conduct for Ceasefire agreed between the Government of Nepal and the CPN (Maoist) on 25 May 2006 at Gokarna.
- 12-point agreement: This document is the 12-point understanding reached between the Seven Political Parties and Nepal Communist Party (Maoists) on 22 November 2005.
- Seven Point Agreement 3 November, 2011: As per the Comprehensive Peace Agreement 2006 and various other understanding between the political parties at different times, the following understanding has been reached to compete the remaining task of constitution writing and move forward as per the politics of national consensus.
Peace Campaign program:
GPK Foundation will organize different programs and conference as a part of peace campaign to promote peace and stability in the nation. It will work to materialize the vision of late Girija Prashad Koirala.